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Chemical Contamination

Definition
The term chemical contamination is defined as the unintended exposure of a healthcare professional to hazardous drugs. A hazardous drug is any drug identified by at least one of the following criteria: carcinogenicity, teratogenicity or developmental toxicity, reproductive toxicity in humans, organ toxicity at low doses in humans or animals, genotoxicity, or new drugs that mimic existing hazardous drugs in structure or toxicity.1

Causes
Two primary routes of Chemical Contamination can be found in the literature: a dermal 2 and an Aerosol 3 route. Skin contact (dermal) during: 

  • Contact with vial surfaces 4
  • Contact with packaging surfaces 5
  • Handling bodily fluids of patients 6
  • Spills 
  • Priming IV sets

Aerosol contact during: 

  • Preparation of drugs 
  • Administration of drugs

ProSet Solutions:
Create your customized set with B. Braun Safety components to reduce chemical contamination.

IV-ProSet components

CVC-ProSet  components

References:
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1 NIOSH 2004
2 Valanis et al. 1993a, b
3 Kromhout et al. 2000
4 Mason et al. 2003
5 Schmaus et al. 2002
6  Fransman et al. 2004, Kromhout et al. 2000